Medical Therapy for Glaucoma

Medical Therapy for Glaucoma

Ophthalmology Services

What is medical therapy for Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye condition that occurs when abnormally high pressure is exerted in the eye. Elevated eye pressure is caused by an imbalance in the production and drainage of aqueous humour in the eye.

Aqueous humour is a clear fluid found between the cornea and the vitreous. The fluid keeps the cornea and lens nourished and lubricated. Excessive aqueous humour buildup drastically increases eye pressure, leading to optic nerve damage.

What is medical therapy for Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye condition that occurs when abnormally high pressure is exerted in the eye. Elevated eye pressure is caused by an imbalance in the production and drainage of aqueous humour in the eye.

Aqueous humour is a clear fluid found between the cornea and the vitreous. The fluid keeps the cornea and lens nourished and lubricated. Excessive aqueous humour buildup drastically increases eye pressure, leading to optic nerve damage.

Some medical therapy treatments ophthalmologists may prescribe at EYECENTRIC, our eye specialist center at Subang Jaya Medical Centre (SJMC) include:

Eye drops

Eye drops formulated for glaucoma can help restore the balance of aqueous humour production and drainage. The specific type of eye drops that may be recommended to treat your glaucoma depends on your diagnosis.

  • Prostaglandin analogs are eye drops that help the drainage process of aqueous humour. With the excess aqueous humour imbalance in control, normal eye pressure will also be restored. Some examples of prostaglandin analogs eyedrops are Bimatoprost (Lumigan), Latanoprost (Xalatan), Travoprost (Travatan Z) and Tafluprost (Zioptan).
  • Similar to that of prostaglandin analogs, Alpha-adrenergic agonists also help lessen the amount of aqueous humour in the eye. Examples include Apraclonidine (Iopodine) and Brimonidine (Alphagan P).
  • Beta blockers such as Betaxolol (Betoptic) and Timolol (Betimol, Timoptic) reduces the amount of aqueous humour the eye produces.
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors result in lower eye pressure by interfering with the sodium pump in the eye. This then leads to a controlled production of aqueous humour. Examples of Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors in the form of eye drops are Brinzolamide (Azopt) and Dorzolamide (Trusopt).

Our ophthalmologists may prescribe a combination of eye drops depending on your diagnosis. Often, a combination of prostaglandin analogs and beta blockers is prescribed.

Medication (pills)

Acetazolamide (Diamox) and Methazolamide (Neptazane) are examples of medication in the form of pills to ease eye pressure. These medications curb the production of aqueous humour in the eye. Our ophthalmologists may prescribe these pills if eye drops show little to no effect.

Aside from eye drops and medication, glaucoma can also be treated with the help of laser therapy. Examples of laser therapy treatments that we offer at EYECENTRIC include:

  • Laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI)
  • Laser cyclophotocoagulation
  • Argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT)
  • Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT)

Prevention

  • Be aware of your family's eye health history. If you happen to be at risk, make regular eye screenings a part of your health routine.
  • Exercise moderately as it can help reduce eye pressure
  • Remember to use prescribed eyedrops regularly
  • Keep your eyes safe by wearing eye protection when performing dangerous tasks. Serious eye injuries can lead to glaucoma

Care for your eye health with EYECENTRIC

Regular eye screenings should be a part of everyone’s health routine. Eye screenings allow ophthalmologists to detect serious eye conditions such as cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, and others. Frequent screenings also enable early treatment and prevention of further damage and severity. EYECENTRIC exhorts everyone to undergo regular eye screenings to maintain their eye health and keep themselves safe from serious eye conditions.

Our team at EYECENTRIC are adept in the field of ophthalmology. From medical therapy to laser surgery, EYECENTRIC puts forward a wide range of treatment options for patients suffering from glaucoma. Our ophthalmologists and eye surgeons at EYECENTRIC will guide you through the entire process from diagnosis to prevention of any eye-related disorder and disease.

Meet our Specialist

Dato’ Dr Linda Teoh Oon Cheng

Designation
Consultant Ophthalmologist and Glaucoma Surgeon
Specialty
Ophthalmology






Dr Lee Ming Yueh

Designation
Consultant Ophthalmologist and Glaucoma Surgeon
Specialty
Ophthalmology